Monthly Archives: June 2009

评新编历史剧《谷歌涉黄》

新华网评:谷歌自甘堕落 处罚惩前毖后

人民时评:“技术致黄说”是捧谷歌的臭脚 –

谷歌 “ 不作恶 ”口号沦为遮羞布

谷歌傍上色情:大屁股也得打

谷歌“涉黄”事件反思:不能“溺爱”网络新贵

叫醒“打盹”的谷歌乃共赢之举

评新编历史剧《海瑞罢官》

大都小記

躺在元大都公园看到的天空

午後二時,閒極無事,信步至元大都城垣遺址公園。

大都公園位於北京城北,綿延十餘里,吾之所往,近故元之光熙門。

公園地處鬧市,然有山有水,亦幽靜之所。其山也,元之頹牆耳,雖不能登高一呼天下雲集,然目之所及皆綠樹藍天,心情大為舒暢。吾躺於公園長椅之上,側聽鳥叫蟬鳴,仰視流雲樹影,恍然有隔世之感。

公園遊人絡繹不絕,多為近處住民。有抖空竹者、遛鳥者、打撲克者、練太極者,各取其樂,不亦快哉。

公園有水,實道旁澆花之噴頭。但見其左突右閃,似擋我前行之路。逡巡良久,奪步而過。噴頭兀地轉向,躲閃不及,衣衫盡濕,不禁莞爾。遂以水濯足,清兮濁兮,誰人可知。

時值初夏,恰逢中華人民共和國建政六十載前夕。北京各處大張旗鼓以待慶祝,大都公園亦未能免俗。公園內廁所皆重新粉刷,草坪亦大肆修整。但見除草機轟隆作響,工人當午拔草,民生多艱,此即一斑。

公園有河,名曰小月,貫穿東西。今則腐水,臭不可聞。蓋今之大員賈某十數年前為北京市委書記時,命京城河床均鋪水泥,稱為防河水流失。此固短視至極,殊為可笑。然視今之瓮安、石首民變,實官逼民反,猶不自省,斥之曰敵對分子挑撥,不亦掩耳盜鈴乎?

己丑年五月卅日記於元大都公園。

百度和谷歌谁更懂中文

大家也都知道了,谷歌(google.cn)因为“传播淫秽色情和低俗信息”遭到了互联网协会的强烈谴责,而且CCTV-1还在新闻联播、焦点访谈和新闻1+1三连击对谷歌进行了大批判。本文不谈其他,仅从一个使用者角度来看,到底是百度还是谷歌更懂中文,更能搜出有些人想要的内容。

 

常在网上混的朋友都知道有个”百度图片关键词”,亦即通过此关键词可以在百度图片搜到色情内容。谷歌图片关键词较少见。废话不说,上图。(本着不传播色情内容的目的,图片均显示为小图,有意者可以点击查看大图)

回合1:某AV常用词。

百度网页搜索第一页可以搜到3个淫秽网站,而且第二个搜索链接可以直接打开,并且即使无法打开也可以借助百度快照的威力打开。而且,百度搜该关键词下方还有相关链接,点过去也是不堪入目,有损青少年身心健康成长。

百度图片搜索该关键词,第一页和第二页均有淫秽图片,且可以打开。关键是,第一页出现了儿童色情图片,这即使在西方国家也是非法的。

谷歌搜索结果第一页没有任何淫秽网站链接,只有解释概念性的链接。 谷歌图片搜索未出现淫秽图片

回合1,百度完胜。

 

baidu1   google1

左侧为百度网页搜索结果,右侧为谷歌

baidu3 baidu4

(注:左侧为百度图片结果,右侧为从百度图片搜索链接点过去的色情网站)

 

baidu2  gogole2

左侧为百度图片搜索,右侧为谷歌图片搜索

Fullscreen capture 6192009 124238 PM Fullscreen capture 6192009 124305 PM

baidu下方的相关搜索点过去

 

回合二:关键词联想。

 

百度图片搜索小姨子,尽管没有色情图片,但下面出现了一串不堪入目的相关搜索 谷歌则没有。

回合二,百度胜出

 

 

baidu5  google4

左侧百度,右侧谷歌

 

回合三:双方势均力敌,不过百度搜索链接有效性较强。

 

baidu6  Fullscreen capture 6192009 124809 PM

google6  Fullscreen capture 6192009 124623 PM

 

回合四:百度第一个链接就是淫秽网站,而且可以打开。谷歌略逊一筹。

 

google5  Fullscreen capture 6192009 124957 PM

 

当然,说了半天,好像谷歌真的不如百度。其实也不一定,大家分别在百度图片和谷歌图片搜“种子地址”,这次百度真不行了。

互联网色情可能会对心智尚不成熟的儿童少年带来影响,我也赞成对此进行一定管理。但搜索引擎有自己的特性,不应该对搜索结果负责,我也无意对百度和谷歌做出什么批判。但是CCTV在今年收了百度4000万好处费后,此次单方面打击谷歌,未免授人以柄。

可能还有人会说,你尽挑这些很多人都不熟悉的关键词搜,能说明什么呢?我倒想问,我上网9年,英语自忖还可以,都不知道在谷歌搜boobs有意外惊喜,互联网中心这又是什么样的一种大无畏和不怕折腾精神?更关键的是,这次互联网中心和央视痛击谷歌色情,只怕是醉翁之意不在酒。

中国人如何获取和传播信息

蒙Isaac Mao推荐,6月15日下午在后海与AMARC(World Association of Community Radio Broadcasters世界社区广播者协会)主席Steve Buckley、亚太区主席Ashish Sen、国际妇女网络副主席Mavria Victoria Cabrera Balleza一行三人进行了交流。(Steve在北京写的博客:AMARC in Beijing /News from everywhere WITH AUDIO )

 

AMARC是个国际NGO,致力于社区广播,在全球110个国家有3000多个会员。由于中国对无线电控制非常严格,因此AMARC在中国没有任何活动。包括我在内的许多人也都对AMARC没有任何概念。他们这次来,也是想了解中国人如何进行信息交流。社区广播听上去似乎有些像地下电台,但AMARC是个正规组织,主要在于向社区包括弱势群体提供信息双向传播,而非地下电台那种经常与非法活动联系在一起。

 

昨天与Steve一行聊的非常开心,我也介绍了我所掌握的中国人获取和传播信息的途径以及方式,不过由于记忆可能会出错,而且总是不那么有逻辑,因此写这篇博客,以做备份。本文主要介绍我所知道的农村地区获取信息的途径,有中英文两个版本,内容会有所出入。

English Version

 

我1981年出生在江苏北部农村,一直待到18岁离家到北京上大学。江苏在全国算富裕省份,但苏北是相对较贫困地区,目前在全国大概处于中等稍微偏上水平。我小时候的生活比较艰苦,那个时候获取外界信息的主要渠道是广播、电视和报纸,而获取邻里信息就是靠口耳相传了。至少在1990年代中期以前,我们那里电视还没有完全普及,广播还是个非常重要的手段。记得当时每个村都有一个广播站,其实就是功放和高音喇叭,而这又通过广播线与乡里的广播站连在一起,乡里的又是和县里连在一起。就这样,构成了一个有线广播网。

 

不过,这些广播站都是政府所有,发布的也大多是“党和国家”的大政方针和一些娱乐节目,村民自己是无法通过广播发布信息的。村长有时候会通过广播发表自己的长篇大论,当然大部分时间是叫谁谁去开会,有时候谁家收到信了村里也会通知去拿。

 

大约1990年左右,政府要求每家每户都安装一个有线广播接收器,其实就是个小喇叭,可以在家收听广播,有点《1984》里电幕的意思。不过这接收器是可以关闭的,也没有其他复杂功能。除了村里的广播站以外,村小学也有一个广播, 不过主要用来升国旗、做操和开会时用,基本没有信息传播作用。

 

事实上,当时许多人家都有可以收听中短波的收音机,至少我们家附近家家都有。但到我7、8岁的时候,这些收音机大多坏了,没坏的也被我们拆了取里面的吸铁石玩。

 

大约是1990年代中期之后,有线广播网被废弃,进而建立了无线FM网络。县里设立了一个广播发射塔,可以覆盖全县。不过这个时候,电视已经基本普及,广播已经式微。

 

说到这里,想到一件非常有趣的事情。记得7、8年前去一个同学家的时候,他家邻居一个老头由于对村干部不满,自己买了个高音喇叭挂在门前树上,每天一有空就自己播音骂人。而村干部也对他无可奈何,当真有趣的紧,只是苦了我同学家每天都要忍受噪音。

 

至于纸质媒体,截止今天村里都只有大队部(即村部)和学校订有报纸和极少的农村刊物,加上村里年龄较大者很多不怎么认字,所以纸媒的影响力在农村一直是不大的。

 

1990年代中期以后,电视开始成为主要的信息获取手段,不过当时只有县电视台、省电视台、中央一、二套以及附近市县电视台,加起来不超过6、7个。

 

1998年前后,程控电话开始兴起,四五年后进入普及状态。此时,电话也随之成为信息传播的重要手段。记得2005年的时候,地震谣言通过电话传遍全县,近200万人在惊慌中走出房屋、彻夜未眠。

 

2002年左右,手机开始在农村出现并迅速普及,如今村里基本可以达到每家一部以上手机。由于有大量年轻人在外打工,而他们无疑都是有手机的,所以实际应该远远高于这个数字。也就是在同一时期,互联网开始在农村发芽,如今基本每个镇都有一个以上网吧,部分条件优越的农户甚至已经购买了电脑开通了宽带。距我家10公里左右的一个村子,甚至早在2000年就全村通上了宽带,家家都有电脑。当然,他们那个村子比较富裕,不具有普遍意义。

 

由于离家时间太长,根据我对家乡年轻人有限的了解,他们获取信息主要是网络和电视,交流则有网络和手机等渠道。

 

至于在今日中国的城市,人们获取信息的渠道也莫过于纸质媒体、电台、电视和网络。这其中,电视和网络占居主导地位,后者在年轻人中几乎是唯一手段。人们在网络交流也丰富多彩,从BBS、BLOG、QQ群,兴趣小组到今天的twitter等等不一而足。不再赘述。

 

How Chinese Rural Residents Acquire and Disseminate Information During the Past 20 Years

 

Thanks to the recommendation of Isaac Mao, I met with Steve Buckley(President of AMARC), Ashish Sen(VP for Asia Pacific) and Mavria Victoria Cabrera Balleza (VP for WIN) yesterday at Houhai Beijing. Due to some mistakes that I might make or something missed in our friendly conversation, I’ve decided to blog on How Chinese Rural Residents Acquire and Disseminate Information During the Past 20 Years.

 

I had been living in the countryside of northern Jiangsu Province till 18 years old and then I went to beijing for college. For its coastal advantage, Jiangsu is one of the richest provinces in China, but the northern part is not as prosperous as its southern neighbour,especially some 20 years ago.

 

At that time, the villagers acquired outside news mostly by radio,TV and newspapers.As for the neigborhood news, it’s all about mouth-to-mouth. The TV did not prevail untill middle 1990s in my hometown. Before that, radio was a vital method to get information. There was a wired broadcast station in almost every village inhabited by some 2000 people and it was connected to the station in the town, the town connected with the county. Thus, a wired broadcast network was set up. Such broadcast stations were state-owned and behaved as the so-called mouthpiece of the government and Communist Party. Sometimes, the village government sent notices to hold meetings and inform villagers to get their letters or somethings else via it.

 

Around 1990, every family was required to install a radio receiver,but it didn’t work anymore several years later.Actually, many families at that time owned a short-wave radio.

 

After 1995, the wired broadcast network was abolished and a brand-new FM network(yeah, a real radio network) covered the whole county or about some 2 million people was established. But at the same time,radio already lost its influence and TV prevailed. There’re only 6-7 TV channels at that time, while we have more than 50 channels nowadays.

 

As for the paper-based media, because only the village governments and schools subscribed newspapers and a few magazines , and also due to the literacy, it’s not so important in my hometown.

 

Around 1998, telephone was still something new. But serveral years later, almost every family got one and it since became an important means of spreading information. In 2005 , earthquake rumors spreaded throughout my hometown by telephone, nearly 2 million people stayed outside in panic for the whole night .

 

Seven years ago, some rich guys bgan to use cell phone and it’s very popular among youngsters now. At present, almost every family has one. Meanwhile, my hometown had access to the Internet ,and now there is at least one Internet cafe in each town. One village which is about 10 kilometers away from my home, got broadband access at as early as 2000.Of course, that village is quite rich, alomst every family owns a car.

 

As for China today, we can acquire and spread news through many means such as Internet/TV/radio/newspaper/Mobile Phone. We can disseminate information by online forums/blogs/QQ groups(QQ is the Chinese clone of the once-popular IM client ICQ)/twitter and so on. I’d rather not repeat it.

 

The above is just a rough summary about how Chinese people get information and spread it that I know about.

 

 

CNN:Post-Tiananmen Youth

字幕由madbird听写, video地址 http://snfd.tv/1S3p

Twenty years after the Tian’anmen crackdown, the world may know more about what happened that day than many Chinese themselves.


They dare not mention it in public, it’s dangerous to talk about it in public.

For years, China has suppressed information about the incident, online, at school and at home.

“Have your parents ever talked about it?”

My father said, “Now I don’t want to explain this because you are too young.”

Meet a few of chinese young elite,Victoria is a 25-year-old marketing rep and member of the Communist Party.Eden is a 23-year-old journalism student and Richard, a 28-year-old blogger, who likes to twitter.

Two decades ago, protesters at their age catalysed a massive movement.Today their generation has been criticized for not caring enough.


The students nowadays will never go to the streets, because they just want to earn money, get a good job. They haven’t,they haven’t got such kind of passion like the students in 1989.

But in 1989, China’s economy was struggling, unemployment and inflation rising. students were angry about government corruption.

Since then, China’s astounding economic prosperity has made it a global superpower with a seat at the top economic table.

And some say youth today have no reason to complain.

Government still makes mistakes like other governments do. but we should see the improvements here.

Even though there are not protests on the streets. they say they’re still invested in their country.

Do you think students these days care about politics?

“I think so.”

“they do care.”

“yeah”

Do they care about freedom?

“Yeah, yes.”

They disagree on some issues,but agree political freedom in China has lagged behind。 The Chinese government continues to block and filter the internet. Dissidents are routinely detained. Many chinese say they are scared to express controversial views.

CNN asked dozens of people to speak on camera for this story, only three said yes.


I think China needs more time.Chinese people need more time to learn how to rule themselves, how to control and how to deliver their opinions.

“Yeah,Yeah”

“It depends on the leaders, i think if they are smart enough, we will be better and better, and we have to be.”

If anything, they all share high hopes, for China’s future.

Emily Chang, CNN, Beijing